Formerly known as Amarkot, it was the capital of Greater Sindh Province, including some parts of present Rajasthan state of India. It also became prominent during the time of the Mughals and during the British Raj. The Mughal king Akbar was born in Umerkot when his father Humayun fled from military defeat at the hands of Sher Shah Suri. Rana Prasad, a Hindu Sodha Rajput ruler of Amarkot, gave refuge to Humayun.  Later the Mughal Emperor Akbar became the Shahenshah of Hind and was a popular figure with both Hindus and Muslims. Umerkot has many sites of historical significance such as Mughal emperor Akbar's birthplace at Umalrkot Fort on 14 October 1542 . Rana Chandra Singh (1931–2009) was the Rana of the former Amarkot jagir after 1947, and remained a member of National assembly many times and also a federalhj minister.
Zamindar Of Umerkot
There is no most influential zamindar in Umerkot though Khan Sahib's sons, specially Aijaz Pali claimed to be most influential. However, he didn't have a real influence except his father's name who had been influential in British Raj. Palli is a noble and very influence family in umerkot district.They are most relative to his peer Makhdoom Shah Mehmood Hussain Shah Qureshi.